Queen of the Netherlands. She succeeded her mother Wilhelmina in 1948. In 1937, she married Prince Bernhard of Lippe-Biesterfeld. They had four daughters, of whom the eldest is Beatrix, who became queen when Juliana stepped down in 1980. During World WarII, the royal family lived in England and Canada. In 1927, Princess Juliana was introduced in the Council of State, an important institution that has the constitutionaltask to give advice to the government on new legislation.
   After her coronation in 1948, Queen Juliana showed herself to be an active monarch, involved with her people, with whom she enjoyed intensive contacts. She regularly made working visits to many towns and villages. During her reign, the colonial period expired: Indone sia (in 1949) and Surinam (in 1975) became independent states. Constitutional crises revolving around a faith healer and the Lock heed corruption affair, in which Prince Bernhard became involved, did not prove detrimental to Juliana’s popularity.
   See also Death penalty.

Historical Dictionary of the Netherlands. . 2012.

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